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Rude at Work? It Could Lead to Deadly Decisions

No one likes it when someone's rude. But what if it harmed the workplace, and could possibly result in death?

"Rude behavior is a common form of insensitive and disrespectful conduct that harms employees' performance in the workplace," says Now a new study has found that rude behavior affects how individuals make critical decisions. The study found that in certain situations, these behaviors can have deadly consequences, according to the website.

The researchers looked at the effect of rudeness on workers' tendency to engage in a judgment bias called anchoring, which is the tendency to rely too heavily or fixate on one piece of information when making a decision.

"While small insults and other forms of rude behavior might seem relatively harmless compared to more serious forms of aggression, our findings suggest that they can have serious consequences," newswise quotes Binyamin Cooper, a Postdoctoral Fellow at Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business and a member of the Collaboration and Conflict Research Lab, who led the study.

"Our work demonstrates how dangerous these seemingly minor behaviors can be, whether they are experienced directly or even if people just observer incidental rudeness."

He gives as an example a doctor walking into a patient's room for the first time, and a family member says 'I think he's having a heart attack,'" says Cooper, at the site. "Our findings suggest that if on the way to see the patient, the doctor witnessed a rude event between two other people, he or she would be significantly more likely to settle on a diagnosis of a heart attack, even if that is incorrect."

In one part of the study, anesthesiology residents participated in a simulation on life-sized anatomical human models. "The simulation was set up to suggest that a patient could have an allergic reaction to one of a doctor's medications, which served as the anchor. Before the simulation started, half the residents witnessed a senior doctor enter the room and yell at their instructor for missing a meeting, while the other half witnessed a neutral interaction.

"When the patient's condition began to deteriorate later in the simulation, the residents who were exposed to the rude interaction were more likely to diagnose allergic shock," reports, "when in reality the patient was bleeding internally, and the diagnosis affected how they administered care. The study also showed that the reason rudeness was so harmful was that it is related to increased high arousal of negative emotions (such as irritability and distress), which predicted the tendency to engage in anchoring."

The practical implications of the study's findings are frightening. The authors note, for example, that physicians exposed to rudeness may incorrectly treat patients for ailments they do not have, while being unaware of their incorrect diagnosis or the reasons underlying it.

"Making the wrong decision at a critical moment means that people end up spending too much time going down the wrong path," newswise quotes Cooper. "If there's not enough time to realize the error and make up for it, this could be deadly."

The solution? "The authors call on managers and organizations to take steps to reduce rudeness among employees, particularly in high-stakes situations where consequences of judgment errors associated with anchoring can be catastrophic. The authors also identified steps organizations can take to mitigate the effects of rudeness," advises newswise.

"Organizations can also train employees to use two skills--perspective-taking and information elaboration--to better equip them to deal with the pernicious effects of exposure to rudeness," the website continues. "Because exposure to rude behavior makes people more likely to narrow their perspectives on their own personal experience, having employees imagine themselves viewing the same problem from another's point of view distances them from the strong feelings that they would otherwise experience, according to the authors."

Practicing information elaboration allows employees to practice identifying the task at hand, and then taking a few moments to stop and think what information they need to help them make a decision.

"These active steps may seem small, but our work shows that organizations can use them to mitigate the harmful consequences associated with rudeness, which can make a big difference," concludes Cooper. "And they can be used in fields other than medicine, including negotiations, legal sentencing, financial forecasting, social exchange relationships, and pricing decisions."

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